Cervical Cancer: Importance Of Regular Screening

Cervical cancer was once a menace in the world. Thanks to the disease’s awareness amongst most women, more and regular screening are being done thus controlling the disease. This has significantly reduced the number of deaths due to cervical cancer. Worth mentioning is the high number of deaths due to cervical cancer. There are many cases that are still being diagnosed today. A lot needs to be done in fighting this disease.

The first point in fighting the disease is raising the awareness about cervical cancer in women. The most important part of this is to highlight on the various signs and symptoms that every woman should look out for. The importance of screening should also be emphasized. The disease starts from the tissues of the cervix. This is an organ that links the vagina and the uterus.

rgthyutyrteCervical cancer comes in two major forms. The first form is squamous cell cervical cancer. This forms on the outer ectocervix surface – an area of the cervix projecting into the vagina. The second cervical cancer form is adenocarcinoma of the cervix. It is a disease of the endocervix – an inner cervix area. Cervical cancer, according to recent studies, is common in women below 50 years but very rare in women under 20 years of age.

Risks and signs of cervical cancer

There are a number of risk factors associated with cervical cancer. Family history, smoking, weak immune system and long-term mental stress have been pointed as main factors. Cervical cancer may likely come with increased use of contraceptives.

There are various signs of cervical cancer, which are often ignored. It is worth noting that this ‘silent killer’ disease may come with unnoticed symptoms. They often check in once the disease is invasive. They include unusual bleeding after sex, between periods, during menopause, heavy or long periods, abnormal discharge, and pain while having sex.

Cervical cancer screening is very important. It should be regular even without any signs of the disease. The primary screening methods include liquid-based cytology (LBC) – this involves the scraping of the cervix using a small brush so as to collect the cells. They are then sent for analysis in the labs. The other screening method is called cervical smear test or Papanicolaou (Pap) test. It involves the scraping of the outer cervix so as to collect the cells for analysis.

Cervix cancer screening is recommended at least every three years. This helps to diagnose the disease at early stages thus highly likely to treat it effectively. As a result, there is a high chance to treat the disease if diagnosed in its early stages as opposed to the advance stages.